south african diamond mining in the 20th century

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Diamond History and Lore

World diamond mining expanded dramatically with the discovery of sources in Australia in 1985 and important new deposits in northern Canada in 2000. The market probably changed as much after 1990 as it did in the years after the 1866 discovery of diamonds in South Africa and …

Image of SOUTH AFRICA: DIAMONDS. - Uncut Diamonds …

SOUTH AFRICA: DIAMONDS. Uncut Diamonds Gathered By Five Different Miners In Two Days, At A Mine In Kimberley, South Africa. Photograph, Early 20th Century. From Granger - …

Mining industry of South Africa - Wikipedia

Mining in South Africa was once the main driving force behind the history and development of Africa's most advanced and richest economy. Large-scale and profitable mining started with the discovery of a diamond on the banks of the Orange River in 1867 by Erasmus Jacobs and the subsequent discovery and exploitation of the Kimberley pipes a few years later.

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

southern Africa3. Recruitment for gold mining A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa by J.S. Harington*, N.D. McGlashan†, and E.Z. Chelkowska‡ Synopsis Our purpose is to record and to explain the widely changing numbers of the huge total of black workers on the gold mines of South Africa over the century from 1896 to ...

History ( Mineral Revolution in SA) | Arts and Humanities ...

Continued Cecil Rhode's firat round of diamond mine consolidation,he then joined Rhode's De Beer Consolidation Mines to other mining companies to form the giant Anglo American Mining Company. ... All South African mining companies and their interaction with the government,The ZAR Volksraad. ... It saw th ebegining of establishment of land ...

The world's top 10 biggest diamond mines

Jun 13, 2019· The Venetia diamond mine, located 80km from Musina in Limpopo Province of South Africa, had more than 92.4Mct of diamond reserves as of December 2018. Venetia is the biggest diamond producing mine in South Africa. It produced 4.2Mct of diamonds in 2018. The deposit comprises 12 kimberlite pipes.

Environmental Impacts - Diamond mining in South africa

Environmental impact of diamond mining in South Africa. ... The De Beers have also had a large impact on the environment as b y the end of the 20th century the company had extracted around 31 million carats of diamonds from the Namaqualand Mines which "are located along a 150 kilometre stretch of coastline by strip mining parts of the land to a ...

Mining For Diamonds – History and Present

Alluvial mining for diamonds started in India and for centuries Alluvial mining was the primary source of diamonds. Hard rock mining of primary kimberlite on an industrial scale had only emerged with diamond discoveries in South Africa in the 19th century. Initially, kimberlite pipes were mined as open

Diamonds - Minerals Council South Africa

Diamond mining in South Africa. The underground mining and recovery of diamonds continues to this day in the vicinity of Kimberley, the site of the early main discoveries in the 19 th century. It is, however, on limited scale with a major focus on reprocessing old tailings dumps to recover diamonds left behind by older recovery processes.

Who owned gold and diamond companies in south Africa in ...

Cecil Rhodes founded and owned De Beers which controlled around 90% of the global output of diamonds when he died in 1902. He controlled every major mine in South Africa other than the Premier Mine.

Diamonds: A History - CBS News

Diamond production has increased enormously in the 20th century. India's maximum production, perhaps 50,000 to 100,000 carats annually in the 16th century, is very small compared to the current ...

A Perspective on the South African Mining Industry in the ...

A Perspective on the South African Mining Industry in the 21st Century An independent report prepared for the Chamber of Mines of South Africa by the Graduate School of Business of the University of Cape Town in association with Genesis Analytics. The bulk of the work was completed in February 2000. August 2000

De Beers S.A. | South African company | Britannica

De Beers S.A., South African company that is the world's largest producer and distributor of diamonds. Through its many subsidiaries and brands, De Beers participates in most facets of the diamond industry, including mining, trading, and retail.In the early 21st century the company marketed 40 percent of the global supply of diamonds, including those used for industrial applications.

History of South Africa, Industrialization and Imperialism ...

History of South Africa. Industrialization and Imperialism, 1870-1910 ... by the end of the century the value of exports had risen to more than £15,000,000, with diamonds alone accounting for £4,000,000. There was also substantial growth in population, much of it from immigration. ... five times as many as did the diamond mines, and drew ...

History of Diamonds | Cape Town Diamond Museum

THE HISTORY OF DIAMOND MINING AND DIAMONDS IN SOUTH AFRICA. The 1867 discovery of diamonds in the Cape Colony, South Africa, radically modified not only the world's supply of diamonds but also the conception of them. As annual world diamond production increased more than tenfold in the following 10 years, a once extremely rare material became ...

History | South African Government

South Africa's diamond mining industry dates back to 1867, when diamonds were discovered near Kimberley in what is today known as the Northern Cape. The Kimberley diamond fields, and later discoveries in Gauteng, the Free State, and along the Atlantic coast, emerged as major sources of gem-quality diamonds, securing South Africa's position ...

The History Of De Beers And Diamonds - Business Insider

Premier Diamond Mine, South Africa ... The structure of the business remained the same for much of the 20th century: A De Beers subsidiary would buy the diamonds. ... But by the beginning of the ...

The Big Hole Official Site | Tourist Attractions in Kimberley

The beautiful gardens and squares of the city are full with historical memorials. Hop over to the Alexander McGregor – Kimberley Mine Museum which houses significant Khoisan collections of artifacts, or the Duggan-Cronin Bantu Gallery which exhibits photographs of African miners from the early 20th century.

South Africa Virtual Jewish History Tour

Located on the tip of the African continent, South Africa is famous for its diamond and gold mines and Jews have been a part of South Africa's development from the very beginning. Today, South Africa's Jewish population stands at approximately 67,000 - the twelfth largest Jewish community in the world.

Foreign companies in South Africa: Entry, performance & …

presence pre-dates the discovery of diamond and gold deposits in the late ... South African companies through the first part of the 20th century, while also moving beyond mining into other sectors ...

Prelude to the Scramble: Diamonds and Gold in South Africa ...

-If gold had been discovered in British-controlled territory, then perhaps Boer political power in South Africa would not have grown so much across the end of the 19th century into the 20th century. The apartheid system of the 20th century may have never developed if gold had not been found specifically in Boer-controlled territory in the late ...

Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910 ...

The 'pass laws' and migrant labour of apartheid in South Africa today have their origins in the policies designed to control the black workers in the diamond mines a century ago. Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1869-1910 | History Today

De Beers - Wikipedia

De Beers Group is an international corporation that specialises in diamond exploration, diamond mining, diamond retail, diamond trading and industrial diamond manufacturing sectors. The company is currently active in open-pit, large-scale alluvial, coastal and deep sea mining. It operates in 35 countries and mining takes place in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Canada and Australia.

South Africa - Gold and Diamonds

South Africa Table of Contents. South Africa's modern history has often been dated from the first commercial mining of diamonds and gold in the 1870s and the 1880s, when the region became a magnet for European investment (see Diamonds).Mining in the region predated European arrivals by several centuries, however, as the new government recalled in its minerals policy statements in 1994 …

South-African-Mines - Mining Artifacts

Mining in South Africa has been the main driving force behind the history and development of Africa's most advanced and richest economy. Large scale and profitable mining started with the discovery of a diamond on the banks of the Orange River in 1867 by Erasmus Jacobs and the subsequent discovery and exploitation of the Kimberley pipes a few years later.

HISTORY OF SOUTH AFRICA

HISTORY OF SOUTH AFRICA 17th - 18th century ... half of the 1980s a declining economy is further damaged by strike action on the part of black workers in the gold and diamond mines, the main source of the nation's wealth. ... (he is a strong candidate to be considered the most impressive statesman of the 20th century) means that he has a ...

Diamond Mining Methods | Diamond Museum Cape Town

The first diamonds discovered in South Africa were from alluvial deposits. Today, industrial alluvial mining involves building a large wall to collect the water in one area. Diamonds are often found in the gravel layer, which collects under layers of other material, such as mud, clay and underwater plant-life.

Grade 8 - South African History Online

Beginning of the Industrial Revolution in South Africa . The discovery of minerals in the late nineteenth century--diamonds in 1867 and gold in 1886- dramatically changed the economic and political structure of southern Africa. South Africa had an extremely valuable resource that attracted foreign capital and large-scale immigration.